Summer brings with it a lot of fun but can also bring with it an increased chance of your pet suffering from an allergic to even anaphylactic reaction. These reactions often occur secondary to insect bites (bees, spiders, etc) even pollens.
An allergic reaction is defined as the immune system over-reacting to an allergen. Where an anaphylactic reaction is defined as a severe allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and might cause death. Allergic reactions are significantly milder and generally can be treated on an outpatient basis where anaphylactic reactions are serious and patients are usually hospitalized. Pets who have been identified as potentially having an allergic or anaphylactic reaction should be evaluated by a veterinarian immediately. Allergic reactions can progress into a life-threatening anaphylactic reaction.
Some signs of an allergic reaction include:
- Pruritus- itchiness
- Hives/Urticaria- a rash of round, red welts on the skin that itch intensely, sometimes with dangerous swelling
- Skin erythema –redness
- Eye or nasal discharge
Signs of an anaphylactic reaction include:
- Vomiting or diarrhea after exposure to a possible allergen
- Collapse (hypotonia) after exposure to a possible allergen
- Vomiting, diarrhea or collapse after being outside
- Breathing difficulty
- Pets suffering from an anaphylactic reaction may have the above signs with or without the other signs noted of an allergic reaction
If seen and treated immediately both patients suffering from an allergic or anaphylactic reaction can have a successful treatment and positive recovery.
Remember that Regional Vet is here always for all your pet care needs. Appropriate care and client education.